Latin Vocabulary (Nouns and Verbs)

adjutorium, i -n help, assistance

auxilium, i -n help, aid

bellum, i -n war

bonum, i -n the good, welfare

caelum, i -n sky, heaven

canticum, i -n song

cerebrum, i -n brain

commodum, i -n convenience

crepusculum, i -n twilight, dusk

decretum, i -n decree, decision; doctrine

donum, i -n gift

dubium, i -n doubt

elementum, i -n element, origin

exemplum, i -n example

experimentum, i -n experience; experiment

festum, i -n feast

fundamentum, i -n foundation

gubernaculum,, i -n helm, rudder

impedimentum, i -n impediment

imperium, i(i) -n empire; authority; command

incommodum,, i -n inconvenience, setback

indicium, -i n evidence, information, proof

institutum, i -n custom, institution

instrumentum, i -n tool, equiptment, instrument

iuramentum, i -n oath

locum, i -n place, point, site, position

malum, i -n evil

membrum, i -n member

mysterium, i(i) -n mystery

nummus, i -n coin, money

nuntium, i -n message, communication

oblectamentum, i -n delight, pleasure

officium, i -n duty; office

oppidum, i -n town, village

peccatum, i -n error, sin

periculum, i -n danger

praeceptum, i -n precept; teaching, command

praemium, i(i) -n prize, reward

principium, i(i) -n principle; beginning

proelium, i(i) -n battle

First Experience Lists

Block 1 Nouns

propositum, i -n proposition, suggestion; plan, ideal

proprium, i -n proper-thing

regnum, i -n kingdom

remedium, i -n remedy, cure

sacramentum, i -n sacrament; oath of allegiance

saeculum, i -n century

scriptum, i -n something written

sepulchrum, i -n grave, tomb

signum, i -n sign; seal; signal

solium, i(i) -n throne, seat

studium, i -n study; zeal

tabernaculum, i -n tabernacle, tent

templum, i -n temple

territotium, i(i) -n territory

venenum, i -n poison

verbum, i -n word

vinum, i -n wine

visum, i -n sight, vision

masc. but act like fem.

agricola, ae -m farmer

nauta, ae -m sailor

papa, ae -m pope

propheta, ae -m prophet

socialista, ae -m socialist

trapezita, ae -m banker

act like regular masc.

magister, tri -m teacher

puer, i -m boy

liber, eri -m children (pl.)

liber, i -m book

vir, i -m man

some nouns are genderless (either m or f)

homicida, ae -c murderer

incola, ae -c inhabitant

fem. but acts masc.

periodus, i -f period (time)

synodus, i -f assembly, synod

First Experience Lists

Block 1 Nouns

Return to First Experience Index

Block 1 Adjectives

activus -a -um active

altus -a -um great, high

antiquus -a -um old

apertus -a -um open, public, exposed

apostolicus -a -um apostolic

aptus -a -um suited, apt

argenteus -a -um silver

aurea -a -um of gold, golden

beatus -a -um happy, blessed

blandus -a -um flattering, attractive

bonus -a -um good

candidatus -a -um white-clad

canonicus -a um canonical, by the rule

carissimus -a -um most-dear, most-precious

carus -a -um dear, precious

clarus -a -um clear, bright; distinct; evident

cunctus -a -um all, every

divinus -a -um divine

doctus -a -um learned

durus -a -um hard

ecclesiasticus -a -um ecclesiastic, of the Church

erectus -a -um high, erect

excellentissimus -a -um most excellent

extremus -a -um extreme

fidus -a -um faithful

firmus -a -um strong, solid

futurus -a -um future

Germanicus -a -um German

gloriosus -a -um glorious

Hebraicus -a -um Hebrew

hodiernus -a -um today, present

humanus -a -um human

ignotus -a um unknown

jucundissimus -a -um most pleasent, aggreable

jucundus -a -um pleasant, pleasing

laboriosus -a -um laborious

lassus -a -um tired

Latinus -a -um Latin

First Experience Lists

Block 1 Adjectives

longus -a -um long

lucidus -a -um bright, shining

magnus -a -um great

malus -a -um bad

maturus -a -um mature

meus -a -um mine

minimus -a -um small

mirus -a -um marvelous

multus -a -um many, much, great

musicus -a -um musical

novellus -a -um young

novus -a -um new

nudus -a -um nude, bare

nullus -a -um no

optimus -a -um best

parvus -a -um small

paucus -a -um little, small, few

perfectus -a -um perfect

perpusillus -a -um very small

pessimus -a -um bad

pius -a -um pious, holy

plenus -a -um full

plurimus -a -um most, very many

primus -a -um first, principal, next

probus -a -um honest, upright

proximus -a -um neighbor, nearest, next

purpureus -a -um purple

quotidianus -a -um daily, everyday

religiosus -a -um reverent, devout, religious

Romanus -a -um Roman

sanctus -a -um holy; sacred

sempiternus -a -um everlasting, eternal

serius -a -um serious, grave

solus -a -um only, single, unique

speciossimus -a -um most beautiful

splendissimus -a -um most splendid

supernus -a -um heavenly, lofty

suus -a -um his / their

tacitus -a -um silent

terrenus -a -um earthly (terrestrial)

First Experience Lists

Block 1 Adjectives

timidissimus -a-um timid

totus -a -um entire, the whole

tuus -a -um your (sing.)

vacuus -a -um empty, vacant

Vaticanus -a -um Vatican

verus -a -um ture, real

visus -a -um seen

asper -era -erum rough

creber -bra -brum frequent, numerous

noster -tra -trum our

piger -gra -rum lazy

pulcher -hra -hrum beautiful

ruber -bra -brum red

sacere -cra -crum sacred

salutifer -era -erum healing, saving; salutary

vester -tra -trum your (pl.)

First Experience Lists

Block 1 Adjectives

Return to First Experience Index


Prepositions which take the Accusative

ad towards, to; according to

adversus toward, against

ante before, in front of

apud at, near, around, among, with; at house of, in works of

circa, circum, circiter around, near

cis, citra on this side of, short of

clam unbeknown (unbeknownst)

contra against, opposite

erga towards (*beware: not “ergo” = therefore)

extra outside of

infra below (e.g. infrared)

inter between, among

intra within

juxta beside, next to, according to (*later meaning)

ob in front of, because of (e.g. obvious – ob via = in your


penes in the possesion of

per through, over, by, with help of (*beware: not italian)

post behind, after

praeter beyond, outside of

prope near

propter because of (near)

secundum according to (*beware secundus -a -um = second)

supra beyond

trans over, beyond

ultra beyond

usque up to, continually

versus toward

Prepositions which take both the Accusative and Ablative

in into (acc.), in (abl.)

sub under

subter beneath, below

super over, above

Prepositions which take the Ablative

a, ab, abs from (seperation), by (personal agent)

First Experience Lists


absque without

coram in front of, around, in the presence of

cum with (accompaniment, not instrument)

de from; about, of, concerning

e, ex out of, from (the center)

prae in front of

pro before, in front of; for; according to; as, like

sine without

* a or ab can mean by “a person” (or animal); to say by “a

thing” use the ablative alone without the preposition

* cum means with as accompaniment = together (with “my friend”);

to say I eat with “a fork” (instrument) use the ablative alone

without the preposition

First Experience Lists


Return to First Experience Index


Group 1


adjuvo, adjuvare, adjuv(av)i, adjuv(at)us help,

aid, encourage

adoro, adorare, adoravi, adoratus adore, honor,

worship, reverence

aedifacio, aedifacere, -, – build, erect; create;


applico, applicare, applicui, applicitus connect,


approbo, approbare, approbavi, approbatus approve;


canto, cantare, cantavi, cantatus sing

celebro, celebrare, celebravi, celebratus


clamo, clamare, clamavi, clamatus proclaim; shout

clarifico, clarificare, clarificavi, clarificatus


colloco, collocare, collocavi, collocatus place,


communico, communicare, communicavi, communicatus

communicate; share

comporto, comportare, comportavi, comportatus carry,


condemno, condemnare, condemnavi, condemnatus condemn,


congrego, congregare, congregavi, congregatus collect,


curo, curare, curavi, curatus see to; take care;


declaro, declarare, declaravi, declaratus declare

First Experience Lists


delibero, deliberare, deliberavi, deliberatus


demonstro, demonstrare, demonstravi, demonstratus to

demonstrate, reveal

denuntio, denuntiare, denuntiavi, denuntiatus

announce, warn

desidero, desiderare, desideravi, desideratus desire,


do, dare, dedi, datus give, hand over

dono, donare, donavi, donatus give, donate

dubito, dubitare, dubitavi, dubitatus doubt;


duro, durare, duravi, duratus harden; last, remain;


educo, educare, educavi, educatus bring up; train;


enumero, enumerare, enumeravi, enumeratus

enumerate; count

erro, errare, erravi, erratus go astray; err

exalto, exaltare, exaltavi, exaltatus exalt,

elevate, praise

excito, excitare, excitavi, excitatus raise, erect;

excite, stir up

existimo, existimare, existimavi, existimatus value;

think; judge

explano, explanare, explanavi, explanatus explain

explico, explicare, explicavi, explicatus explain,


exspecto, exspectare, exspectavi, exspectatus expect,


exulto, exultare, exultavi, exultatus exult, leap,


fabrico, fabricare, fabricavi, fabricatus build,

First Experience Lists



fatigo, fatigare, fatigavi, fatigatus weary, tire,


formo, formare, formavi, formatus form, shape

genero, generare, generavi, generatus gernerate,

beget, produce

gusto, gustare, gustavi, gustatus taste

habito, habitare, habitavi, habitatus inhabit; live

honoro, honorare, honoravi, honoratus honor,


ignoro, ignorare, ignoravi, ignoratus not know, be

ignorant of

immuto, immutare, immutavi, immutatus change,


impetro, impetrare, impetravi, impetratus to ask

and obtain, procure

impero, imperare, imperavi, imperatus order,


indico, indicare, indicavi, indicatus indicate

judico, judicare, judicavi, judicatus judge; decide

laboro, laborare, laboravi, laboratus work, labor;


laudo, laudare, laudavi, laudatus praise

magnifico, magnificare, magnificavi, magnificatus

magnify, praise, exalt

mico, micare, micui, – shine; tremble

monstro, monstrare, monstravi, monstratus show

mortifico, mortificare, mortificavi, mortificatus

mortify, subdue; kill; destroy

noto, notare, notavi, notatus observe; record; write

objurgo, objurgare, objurgavi, objurgatus scold,


observo, observare, observavi, observatus watch,

First Experience Lists



occupo, occupare, occupavi, occupatus occupy

opero, operare, operavi, operatus work

paro, parare, paravi, paratus prepare

pecco, peccare, peccavi, peccatus sin, do wrong

penetro, penetrare, penetravi, penetratus


porto, portare, portavi, portatus carry, bring

praedico, praedicare, praedicavi, praedicatus

proclaim, preach

praenuntio, praenuntiare, praenuntiavi,

praenuntiatus foretell, preannounce

praeoccupo, praeoccupare, praeoccupavi,

praeoccupatus anticipate

probo, probare, probavi, probatus approve, certify;

test, prove

proximo, proximare, proximavi, proximatus come

near, approach

publico, publicare, publicavi, publicatus make

public; publish

recipero, reciperare, reciperavi, reciperatus restore;


recreo, recreare, recreavi, recreatus restore,

revive (recreate)

resono, resonare, resonavi, resonatus resound

rogo, rogare, rogavi, rogatus ask; invite

sacrifico, sacrificare, sacrificavi, sacrificatus


salto, saltare, saltavi, saltatus dance

servo, servare, servavi, servatus keep, preserve,


significo, significare, significavi, significatus


First Experience Lists


signo, signare, signavi, signatus mark, sign; seal

specto, spectare, spectavi, spectatus observe,

watch, see

sudo, sudare, sudavi, sudatus sweat, perspire; exude

supero, superare, superavi, superatus overcome;


respecto, respectare, respectavi, respectatus respect,

have regard for; await

tormento, tormentare, tormentavi, tormentatus torment,


tracto, tractare, tractavi, tractatus draw, pull;

treat, discuss

trano, tranare, tranavi, tranatus swim across

vaco, vacare, vacavi, vacatus be vacant; be free

venero, venerare, veneravi, veneratus adore,

venerate; worship

vigilo, vigilare, vigilavi, vigilatus watch; be


visito, visitare, visitavi, visitatus visit

vivifico, vivificare, vivificavi, vivificatus vivify,

bring to life

volo, volare, volavi, volatus fly

vulnero, vulnerare, vulneravi, vulneratus wound,

injure, harm; damage

Group 2


appareo, apparere, apparui, apparitus appear, seem

debeo, debere, debui, debitus owe; ought, must

exhibeo, exhibere, exhibui, exhibitus present;


exerceo, exercere, exercui, exercitus exercise,


First Experience Lists


gaudeo, gaudere, -, gavisus sum be glad, rejoice

habeo, habere, habui, habitus have, hold

jaceo, jacere, jacui, jacitus lie (down); sleep

jubeo, jubere, jussi, jussus order, command

luceo, lucere, luxi, – shine, light

maneo, manere, mansi, mansus remain, stay

moneo, monere, monui, monitus remind, advise, warn

moveo, movere, movi, motus move, stir

repleo, replere, replevi, repletus fill, complete

rideo, ridere, risi, risus laugh

rubeo, rubere, -, – be red, become red

sedeo, sedere, sedi, sessus sit

suadeo, suadere, suasi, suasus recommend; suggest

taceo, tacere, tacui, tacitus be silent

teneo, tenere, tenui, tentus hold, keep

tergeo, tergere, tersi, tersus wipe, wipe off; clean

terreo, terrere, terrui, territus terrify, scare

timeo, timere, timui, – fear

valeo, valere, valui, valitus be


video, videre, vidi, visus see

Group 3


abicio, abicere, abjeci, abjectus abandon

absolvo, absolvere, absolvi, absolutus forgive, free

accipio, accipere, accepi, acceptus get, receive;

accept, take

acquiesco, acquiescere, acquievi, acquietus rest,

repose; acquiesce (assent)

addo, addere, addidi, additus add

adduco, adducere, adduxi, adductus to lead (up/to);

persuade, induce

First Experience Lists


admitto, admittere, admisi, admissus admit

affligo, affligere, afflixi, afflictus afflict,


ago, agere, egi, actus drive, push; thank

arguo, arguere, argui, argutus argue; accuse

assumo, assumere, assumpsi, assumptus take up,


agnosco, agnoscere, agnovi, agnitus recognize,

realize, acknowledge

attero, atterere, attrivi, attritus rub; grind; chafe

benedico, benedicere, benedixi, benedictus bless;


bibo, bibere, bibi, bibitus drink

caedo, caedere, c(a)ecidi, caesus strike, beat, whip

cingo, cingere, cinxi, cinctus surround; enclose

coepio, coepere, coepi, coeptus begin

cogo, cogere, coegi, coactus collect, gather

colo, colere, colui, cultus honor, worship;

cultivate, tend

compono, componere, composui, compositus build;


concedo, concedere, concessi, concessus concede

concipio, concipere, concepi, conceptus conceive;


concupio, concupere, concupivi, concupitus desire;

long for

conecto, conectere, conexi, conexus join, fasten,

connect; tie

conjungo, conjungere, conjunxi, conjunctus unite,

bring together

constituo, constituere, constitui, constitutus

establish, create; erect; decide

consulo, consulere, consului, consultus consult

First Experience Lists


consurgo, consurgere, consurrexi, consurrectus rise;

grow, spring up

credo, credere, credidi, creditus believe, trust

cresco, crescere, crevi, cretus grow; increase

cupio, cupere, cupivi, cupitus wish for; desire, want

decerno, decernere, decrevi, decretus decide,

determine; decree, declare

deligo, deligere, delegi, delectus choose, select

desino, desinere, desii, desitus cease, stop, end

destruo, destruere, destruxi, destructus destroy, ruin

dico, dicere, dixi, dictus say, tell

diffluo, diffluere, diffluxi, diffluctus diffuse; melt

away; waste away

diligo, diligere, dilexi, dilectus love; approve

disco, discere, didici, – learn

dispono, disponere, disposui, dispositus dispose,


dirigo, dirigere, direxi, directus direct, steer,


diruo, diruere, dirui, dirutus destroy, raze, demolish

duco, ducere, duxi, ductus lead; think

effluo, effluere, effluxi, – flow; pass away

eligo, eligere, elegi, electus pick out, choose


erigo, erigere, erexi, erectus erect, build, raise

erubesco, erubescere, erubui, – redden, blush; be

ashamed of

evolvo, evolvere, evolvi, evolutus develop; unroll;

unfold; explain

excipio, excipere, excepi, exceptus take out; remove

expello, expellere, expuli, expulsus expel, drive


exstinguo, exstinguere, exstinxi, exstinctus

First Experience Lists


extinguish, put out, quench

facio, facere, feci, factus do, make

fallo, fallere, fefelli, falsus deceive

fervesco, fervescere, -, – grow hot, grow fervent

fugio, fugere, fugi, fugitus flee

fundo, fundere, fudi, fusus pour; scatter

gero, gerere, gessi, gestus carry on; wage;


impendo, impendere, impendi, impensus expend,

spend; devote (to)

impono, imponere, imposui, impositus impose

infigo, infigere, infixi, infixus affix, implant;


ingemisco, ingemiscere, ingimui, – sigh, groan (in


innotesco, innotescere, innotui, – become


instituo, instituere, institui, institutus

institute, establish, found, make

intellego, intellegere, intellexi, intellectus

understand; realize

intendo, intendere, intendi, intentus intend;


intercipio, intercipere, intercepi, interceptus

intercept; cut off, block

jungo, jungere, junxi, junctus join, unite; connect

laedo, laedere, laesi, laesus hurt, injure, wound

lego, legere, legi, lectus read

marcesco, marcescere, marcui, – wither, fade

metuo, metuere, metui, – fear

minuo, minuere, minui, minutus diminish, lessen,


mitto, mittere, misi, missus send, throw

First Experience Lists


occido, occidere, occidi, occisus kill; die

occurro, occurrere, occurri, occursus run to meet;

occur; oppose

percutio, percutere, percussi, percussus hit, strike

perficio, perficere, perfeci, perfectus complete,


perfundo, perfundere, perfudi, perfusus pour over,

flood; coat

peto, petere, petivi, petitus desire; request, ask

pono, ponere, posui, positus put, place

proicio, proicere, proieci, proiectus abandon;

throw away

propono, proponere, proposui, propositus propose;


psallo, psallere, psalli, – sing the psalms, play

the cithara

quaero, quaerere, quaesivi, quaesitus seek, search


recedo, recedere, recessi, recessus recede; retreat

reddo, reddere, reddidi, redditus return; restore

redimo, redimere, redemi, redemptus redeem

rego, regere, rexi, rectus rule, direct

relinquo, relinquere, reliqui, relictus relinquish,

leave; remain (pass.)

resisto, resistere, restiti, – resist

scido, scidere, scidi, scisus tear, rend

serpo, serpere, serpsi, serptus crawl; creep ahead

solvo, solvere, solvi, solutus dissolve, loosen

spargo, spargere, sparsi, sparsus spread, scatter

statuo, statuere, statui, statutus decide; establish

submitto, submittere, submisi, submissus submit; put


subsisto, subsistere, substiti, – halt, stop

First Experience Lists


surgo, surgere, surrexi, surrectus arise; grow

suscipio, suscipere, suscepi, susceptus accept,


tango, tangere, tetigi, tactus touch

trado, tradere, tradidi, traditus hand-over,

deliver; relate, teach

tribuo, tribuere, tribui, tributus divide, assign;

grant, attribute

vinco, vincere, vici, victus conquer, defeat

vivo, vivere, vixi, victus be alive, live

Group 3 irregular


affero, affer(e)re, attuli, allatus bring, carry

aufero, aufer(e)re, abstuli, ablatus take away,


fero, fer(e)re, tuli, latus bring; report, tell;

receive, get

refero, refer(e)re, rettuli, relatus bring back,


Group 4


aperio, aperire, aperui, apertus open

audio, audire, audivi, auditus hear, listen, accept

convenio, convenire, conveni, conventus meet,

convene, assemble

custodio, custodire, custodivi, custoditus keep;


dormio, dormire, dormivi, dormitus sleep, rest

exaudio, exaudire, exaudivi, exauditus hear clearly

finio, finire, finivi, finitus finish; limit, end

haurio, haurire, hausi, haustus drink

First Experience Lists


invenio, invenire, inveni, inventus discover, find;


nescio, nescire, nescivi, – not know, be ignorant

punio, punire, punivi, punitus punish

obvenio, obvenire, obveni, obventus meet, happen, fall


scio, scire, scivi, scitus know, understand

sentio, sentire, sensi, sensus feel

venio, venire, veni, ventus come

other irregular verbs (most of them act similar to

group 3)


adsum, adesse, adfui, adfuturus be near, be


possum, posse, potui, – can, be able

adeo, adire, adivi(ii), aditus visit; approach

abeo, abire, abivi(ii), abitus depart, go away

eo, ire, ivi(ii), itus go

nolo, nolle, nolui, – be unwilling; not want;

refuse to

pereo, perire, perivi(ii), peritus perish

redeo, redire, redivi(ii), reditus return, go back

volo, velle, volui, – wish, want

Deponent Verbs


Group 1


exhortor, exhortari, -, exhortatus sum exhort,


hortor, hortari, -, hortatus sum encourage; exhort

laetor, laetari, -, laetatus sum be glad/joyful;

First Experience Lists



Group 2


confiteor, confiteri, -, confessus sum confess,


fateor, fateri, -, fassus sum admit, confess

profiteor, profiteri, -, professus sum declare;


Group 3


loquor, loqui, -, locutus sum speak; talk

persequor, persequi, -, persecutus sum pursue;

overtake; attack

sequor, sequi, -, secutus sum follow, accompany;


Group 4


largior, largiri, -, largitus sum grant; give



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